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Open Access Policies and Scholarly Communication

From Budapest to Kingston

The first open access initiative, Budapest Open Access Initiative, which took place in 2002, defined two ways of providing Open Access: (1) by publishing in open access journals, and (2) by self-archiving articles in open access digital repositories.
Archiving scholarly articles in university repositories became a mandate (with an "opt-out" provision to be used as needed) for faculty in much of Europe, but in the U.S., it was not until after 2008, when the Harvard University Faculty of Arts & Sciences voted to adopt an "opt out" OA policy that the Harvard Model Open Access Policy began to be adopted in many U.S. universities.

Most recently, the University of Rhode Island Faculty Senate voted to adopt an OA policy. Thanks to URI librarian Andree Rathemacher for this link to the URI Open Access Policy and related information.


DOAJ- Directory of Open Access Journals
DOAR- Directory of Open Access Repositories
DPLA- Digital Public Library of America
NLM & NIH- National Library of Medicine & National Institutes of Health 
OA - Open Access.  See top box middle column
OASIS- Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook
PLOS- Public Library of Science
PMC- PubMed Central
ROARMAP- See 2nd  box in middle column
RoMeO- See  3rd box in middle column
SHERPA- See  3rd  box in middle column
SPARC- Scholarly Publishing and Academic Research Coalition 

What Does Open Access Mean?

"Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions."

Peter Suber, "Open Access Overview"  

Browse open-access (OA) literature at Rhode Island College in DigitalCommons@RIC

Will Open Access Hurt Journals?

There is no evidence that it has or will, although it may become more difficult for publishers to sell journals to libraries at extremely inflated prices. Still worried? read: "The Death of Scholarly Journals?" by Stuart Schreiber on his blog The Occasional Pamphlet on Scholarly Communication.

Growth of Open Access Archiving Policies

ROARMAP, The Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies shows institutional and funder mandates on open access to scholarly publication worldwide.

Digital Archiving and Journal Publishers Policies

In 2002, the U.K. Research Council created a new organiation, SHERPA "Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access." Among other projects, SHERPA began to record journal publisher policies. They created a searchable database of publisher's policies regarding the self-archiving of journal articles on the web and in Open Access repositories. The collection of “Rights MEtadata for Open archiving” became known as RoMEO.

They used a color coded system

Because the major research publishers are international and many European universities went Open Access nearly ten years ago, most publishers have already gone green or at least blue in order to keep authors.

Use the Sherpa/RoMEO site to find a summary of permissions that are normally given as part of each publisher's copyright transfer agreement. Search by Publisher or Journal title. Or, Ask a Librarian to advise you.

Latest News

Suber, Peter Open Access: Six Myths to Put to Rest The Guardian (October 21, 2013)

Howard, Jennifer Open Access Gains Major Support in U. of California's Systemwide Move   Chronicle of Higher Education (August 2, 2013 )

Mechanic, Michael Open-Access Champion Michael Eisen "Sets Free" NASA's Paywalled Mars Rover Research   Mother Jones (Sept 30, 2013)

Vaughn, John (2013)   "The future of scholarly communication: US efforts to bring warring factions to common purpose in support of scholarship"   Information Services and Use.  33(1) 27-36

Link to Open Access Now! News 

James P. Adams Library  ·  Rhode Island College  ·  600 Mount Pleasant Ave, Providence, RI 02908